Confused by what facial peels are? Do they make your skin actually flake and peel off? Facial peels often have no visible peeling affect at all, which is why we’re here to unpuzzle your puzzlement.
The chemical peel is one of the oldest cosmetic procedures in the world, and was performed in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome to help people achieve smoother, more beautiful skin. Today, facial peels are popular because they offer nearly immediate results.
Peels are simply another form of exfoliation. They remove dead skin cells mainly through the use of acids which loosen the bonds between cells and dissolve dead skin away. As that topmost layer is shed, signals are sent to the living cells below to multiply and move up, to increase collagen production, to make more hyaluronic acid – to act younger.
Unlike scrubs, peel ingredients sink into the skin, targeting deeper layers of skin cells. Acids are a common ingredient in facial peels like Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHA).
AHA’s are mild, naturally occurring acids like glycolic, lactic and mandelic acids. A great choice for dry skin, AHA exfoliate the skin surface while improving hydration.
BHA’s are a little stronger and sink deeper into the pores to exfoliate and clean the pore walls. BHA’s like salicylic acid, are recommended for oily, problem skin.
It is an effective treatment for facial blemishes, wrinkles, and uneven skin pigmentation. They exfoliate the outer layers of dead skin, revealing a new skin layer with improved tone, texture and color. In addition to full facial rejuvenation, certain types of skin peels can also be used for spot treatments and as a way to remove stretch marks or rejuvenate skin elsewhere on the body.
Although it is not possible to turn back the hands of time, the effects of aging can be dramatically slowed down and improved. The natural aging process generally produces lines and wrinkles, age spots, splotches and pigmentation problems, broken capillaries, dull skin texture and color, and other skin flaws. Aging skin can cause previously attractive features, such as a mole or birthmark, to become unattractive. likewise, previously unnoticeable features such as scars can become more apparent as wrinkles form around them. Sun damage compounds the aging process. Ultraviolet light from the sun penetrates all the layers of skin, including those that fortify it and lend it resilience. Anti-aging creams and topical products only treat the milder symptoms of aging, such as damage to the skin’s uppermost layers.
There are three basic types of chemical peels:
Superficial or lunchtime peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid or another mild acid is used to penetrate only the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. The treatment is used to improve the appearance of mild skin discoloration and rough skin as well as to refresh the face, neck, chest or hands.
Medium peel: Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the outer and middle layers of the skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment is used to improve age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration. it also can be used to smooth rough skin and treat some precancerous skin growths, i.e. actinic keratosis.
Deep peel: Tricholoracetic acid or phenol is applied to deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. You will see a dramatic improvement in skin appearance. These peels are only to be done by a qualified medical physician.
The benefits of removing that dulling layer of dead skin cells with a peel, improves your skin in multiple ways. Depending on the kind of peel you use, peels improve your skin tone, leave your skin feeling soft and smooth, and prime your skin for further stages of treatment. You may find that your skin looks radiant, brighter and more youthful.
Peels can make your skin – and skin-care products – work better: your skincare products perform better after a peel because there are no dead cells impeding their penetration.
An ideal candidate for a peel is in good physical health, understands the procedure, and has realistic expectations of the outcome.
Chemical Peels vs. Microdermabrasion
With the ever-broadening range of skin refining techniques available today, it is understandable that consumers often feel confused as to which technique will best meet their needs. Patients commonly wonder about the respective benefits of chemical peels and microdermabrasion. The most salient difference between chemical peels and microdermabrasion is that microdermabrasion is a non-chemical procedure, and attacks imperfections by actually “sanding” flaws from the skin surface. While treatment plans for microdermabrasion and mild chemical peels are similar, more advanced chemical peels require only one session.
So, if your skin is begging to be renewed, we recommend you generate some cellular turnover. It is best to consult with your esthetician to find a balance between professional treatments and at home maintenance to achieve the best results. We do however, strongly suggest that you exfoliate no more than 2-3 times per week with the gentler options such as mechanical scrubs and low concentration AHA and BHA micro- exfoliants. And to ensure best results, allow your skin therapist to guide you through your required needs following a thorough consultation.